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  1. Diet-related noncommunicable diseases impose a heavy burden on human health worldwide. Rice is a good target for diet-related disease prevention strategies because it is widely consumed. Liu et al. (Proc Natl Aca...

    Authors: Ronald Yu, Xiaoba Wu, Jinxin Liu, Crispin A. Howitt, Anthony R. Bird, Chun-Ming Liu and Philip J. Larkin
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:102
  2. Carbohydrate-binding malectin/malectin-like domain-containing proteins (CBMs) are a recently identified protein subfamily of lectins that participates various functional bioprocesses in the animal, bacterial, ...

    Authors: Xiu-Qing Jing, Wen-Qiang Li, Meng-Ru Zhou, Peng-Tao Shi, Ran Zhang, Abdullah Shalmani, Izhar Muhammad, Gang-Feng Wang, Wen-Ting Liu and Kun-Ming Chen
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:100

    The Correction to this article has been published in Rice 2022 15:3

  3. The exploitation of useful genes through interspecific and intersubspecific crosses has been an important strategy for the genetic improvement of rice. Postzygotic reproductive isolation routinely occurs to hi...

    Authors: Chang-Min Lee, Jung-Pil Suh, Hyun-Su Park, Man-Kee Baek, O-Young Jeong, Song-Joong Yun, Young-Chan Cho and Suk-Man Kim
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:99
  4. Cold tolerance at the bud burst stage (CTB) is a key trait for direct-seeded rice. Although quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting CTB in rice have been mapped using traditional linkage mapping and genome-wid...

    Authors: Dan Wang, Zhuo Liu, Yinghui Xiao, Xionglun Liu, Yue Chen, Zhuo Zhang, Houxiang Kang, Xuli Wang, Su Jiang, Shasha Peng, Xinqiu Tan, Deyong Zhang, Yong Liu, Guo-Liang Wang and Chenggang Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:98
  5. Heterosis denotes the superiority of a hybrid plant over its parents. The use of heterosis has contributed significantly to yield improvement in crops. However, the genetic and molecular bases on heterosis are...

    Authors: Yin Xiong, Chaopu Zhang, Hongju Zhou, Wenqiang Sun, Peng Wang, Dianwen Wang, Xianjin Qiu, Jauhar Ali and Sibin Yu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:97
  6. The two-line method based on the photoperiod and thermo-sensitive genic male sterile (PTGMS) lines is more cost-effective, simple, and efficient than the three-line system based on cytoplasmic male-sterility. ...

    Authors: Yi Liu, Fenyun Zhang, Xingxing Luo, Deyan Kong, Anning Zhang, Feiming Wang, Zhongquan Pan, Jiahong Wang, Junguo Bi, Lijun Luo, Guolan Liu and Xinqiao Yu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:96
  7. Mechanical strength is a crucial agronomic trait in rice (Oryza sativa), and brittle mutants are thought suitable materials to investigate the mechanism of cell wall formation. So far, almost all brittle mutants ...

    Authors: Xiaozhi Ma, Chunmei Li, Rui Huang, Kuan Zhang, Qian Wang, Chongyun Fu, Wuge Liu, Changhui Sun, Pingrong Wang, Feng Wang and Xiaojian Deng
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:95
  8. The plant immune system has evolved to resist attack by pathogens and pests. However, successful phytopathogens deliver effector proteins into plant cells where they hijack the host cellular machinery to suppr...

    Authors: Sohini Deb, Vishnu Narayanan Madhavan, C. G. Gokulan, Hitendra K. Patel and Ramesh V. Sonti
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:94
  9. Salinity is a major abiotic stress that limits plant growth and crop productivity. Indica rice and japonica rice show significant differences in tolerance to abiotic stress, and it is considered a feasible method...

    Authors: Weilong Kong, Chenhao Zhang, Shengcheng Zhang, Yalin Qiang, Yue Zhang, Hua Zhong and Yangsheng Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:93
  10. Rice genetic improvement is a key component of achieving and maintaining food security in Asia and Africa in the face of growing populations and climate change. In this effort, the International Rice Research ...

    Authors: Roselyne U. Juma, Jérôme Bartholomé, Parthiban Thathapalli Prakash, Waseem Hussain, John D. Platten, Vitaliano Lopena, Holden Verdeprado, Rosemary Murori, Alexis Ndayiragije, Sanjay Kumar Katiyar, Md Rafiqul Islam, Partha S. Biswas, Jessica E. Rutkoski, Juan D. Arbelaez, Felister N. Mbute, Douglas W. Miano…
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:92
  11. Protein elicitors can induce plant systemic resistance to pathogens. In an earlier study, we cloned an EsxA gene from the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Paenibacillus terrae NK3-4 and expressed it in Pichi...

    Authors: Wen Qing Yu, Peng Li, Feng Chao Yan, Gui Ping Zheng, Wen Zhi Liu, Wen Xi Lin, Yi Wang and Zhi Qing Luo
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:91
  12. Grain weight and grain number, the two important yield traits, are mainly determined by grain size and panicle architecture in rice. Herein, we report the identification and functional analysis of OsSPL4 in panic...

    Authors: Jihong Hu, Liyu Huang, Guanglong Chen, Hui Liu, Yesheng Zhang, Ru Zhang, Shilai Zhang, Jintao Liu, Qingyi Hu, Fengyi Hu, Wen Wang and Yi Ding
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:90
  13. Cadmium (Cd)-contaminated rice is a serious issue affecting food safety. Understanding the molecular regulatory mechanisms of Cd accumulation in rice grains is crucial to minimizing Cd concentrations in grains...

    Authors: Li Tang, Jiayu Dong, Longtao Tan, Zhongying Ji, Yaokui Li, Yuantao Sun, Caiyan Chen, Qiming Lv, Bigang Mao, Yuanyi Hu and Bingran Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:89
  14. Thailand is a country with large diversity in rice varieties due to its rich and diverse ecology. In this paper, 300 rice accessions from all across Thailand were sequenced to identify SNP variants allowing fo...

    Authors: Phanchita Vejchasarn, Jeremy R. Shearman, Usawadee Chaiprom, Yotwarit Phansenee, Arissara Suthanthangjai, Jirapong Jairin, Varapong Chamarerk, Tatpong Tulyananda and Chainarong Amornbunchornvej
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:88
  15. microRNAs act as fine-tuners in the regulation of plant growth and resistance against biotic and abiotic stress. Here we demonstrate that rice miR1432 fine-tunes yield and blast disease resistance via differen...

    Authors: Yan Li, Ya-Ping Zheng, Xin-Hui Zhou, Xue-Mei Yang, Xiao-Rong He, Qin Feng, Yong Zhu, Guo-Bang Li, He Wang, Jing-Hao Zhao, Xiao-Hong Hu, Mei Pu, Shi-Xin Zhou, Yun-Peng Ji, Zhi-Xue Zhao, Ji-Wei Zhang…
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:87
  16. Rice varieties are required to have high yield and good grain quality. Grain chalkiness and grain shape are two important traits of rice grain quality. Low chalkiness slender grains are preferred by most rice ...

    Authors: Weifeng Yang, Liang Xiong, Jiayan Liang, Qingwen Hao, Xin Luan, Quanya Tan, Shiwan Lin, Haitao Zhu, Guifu Liu, Zupei Liu, Suhong Bu, Shaokui Wang and Guiquan Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:85
  17. Rice is one of the most culturally valued and widely grown crops in the world today, and extensive research over the past decade has clarified much of the narrative of its domestication and early spread across...

    Authors: Robert N. Spengler III, Sören Stark, Xinying Zhou, Daniel Fuks, Li Tang, Basira Mir-Makhamad, Rasmus Bjørn, Hongen Jiang, Luca M. Olivieri, Alisher Begmatov and Nicole Boivin
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:83
  18. Transcription factors (TFs) such as ethylene-responsive factors (ERFs) are important for regulating plant growth, development, and responses to abiotic stress. Notably, more than half of the rice ERF-X group m...

    Authors: Hung-Chi Chen, Tzu-Cheng Chien, Tsung-Yang Chen, Ming-Hau Chiang, Ming-Hsin Lai and Men-Chi Chang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:82
  19. Rice sheath rot disease caused by Sarocladium oryzae (S. oryzae) infection is an emerging disease, and infection can cause yield losses of 20–85%. Adequate potassium (K) application is a feasible strategy for ric...

    Authors: Jianglin Zhang, Zhifeng Lu, Tao Ren, Rihuan Cong, Jianwei Lu and Xiaokun Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:81
  20. High seed cost due to poor seed yield severely limits the adoption of hybrid rice by farmers. Increasing the out-crossing rate is one of the key strategies to increase hybrid seed production. Out-crossing rate...

    Authors: G. D. Prahalada, Balram Marathi, Ricky Vinarao, Sung-Ryul Kim, Reynaldo Diocton IV, Joie Ramos and Kshirod K. Jena
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:80
  21. Drought is global environmental stress that limits crop yields. Plant-associated microbiomes play a crucial role in determining plant fitness in response to drought, yet the fundamental mechanisms for maintain...

    Authors: Jian Xie, Xiaoqing Wang, Jiawang Xu, Hongwei Xie, Yaohui Cai, Yizheng Liu and Xia Ding
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:79
  22. Emergence of new pathogen strains of Magnaporthe oryzae is a major reason for recurrent failure of the resistance mediated by a single resistance gene (Pi) in rice. Stacking various Pi genes in the genome through...

    Authors: Meifang Peng, Xiaomin Lin, Xiaoli Xiang, Huibo Ren, Xiaoli Fan and Kegui Chen
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:78
  23. Panicle architecture is one of the major factors influencing productivity of rice crops. The regulatory mechanisms underlying this complex trait are still unclear and genetic resources for rice breeders to imp...

    Authors: Shaoxing Bai, Jun Hong, Ling Li, Su Su, Zhikang Li, Wensheng Wang, Fengli Zhang, Wanqi Liang and Dabing Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:77
  24. Direct seeding is an efficient rice cultivation practice. However, its application is often limited due to O2 deficiency following submergence, leading to poor seed germination, seedling establishment, and conseq...

    Authors: Yamei Ma, Junliang Zhao, Hua Fu, Tifeng Yang, Jingfang Dong, Wu Yang, Luo Chen, Lian Zhou, Jian Wang, Bin Liu, Shaohong Zhang and David Edwards
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:76
  25. Alternative splicing is a widespread phenomenon, which generates multiple isoforms of the gene product. Reproductive development is the key process for crop production. Although numerous forms of alternative s...

    Authors: Haoxuan Li, Aixuan Li, Wei Shen, Nenghui Ye, Guanqun Wang and Jianhua Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:75
  26. Long grain geng/japonica rice has a higher market preference due its excellent appearance quality. The dense and erect-panicle 1 (dep1) gene has been widely used in the breeding of high-yielding geng/japonica ric...

    Authors: Ting Mao, Mingdong Zhu, Zhonghua Sheng, Gaoneng Shao, Guiai Jiao, Amos Musyoki Mawia, Shakeel Ahmad, Lihong Xie, Shaoqing Tang, Xiangjin Wei, Shikai Hu and Peisong Hu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:74
  27. SET domain group (SDG) proteins have been identified to be involved in histone modification and participate in diverse biological processes. Rice contains 41 SDG genes, however, most of which have not been functi...

    Authors: Siju Zhang, Hongjiao Hao, Xiaonan Liu, Yingying Li, Xuan Ma, Weiyin Liu, Rui Zheng, Shanshan Liang and Weijiang Luan
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:73
  28. Evolutionarily, polyploidy represents a smart method for adjusting agronomically important in crops through impacts on genomic abundance and chromatin condensation. Autopolyploids have a relatively concise gen...

    Authors: Chao Zhou, Xiaoyun Liu, Xinglei Li, Hanlin Zhou, Sijia Wang, Zhu Yuan, Yonghong Zhang, Sanhe Li, Aiqing You, Lei Zhou and Zhengquan He
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:72
  29. Photo-thermo-sensitive genic male sterile (PTGMS) rice (Oryza sativa L.) is usually considered two-line male sterile rice because of its dual-purpose in two-line hybrid rice system: under short days and low tempe...

    Authors: Linxuan Wu, Huazhen Rong, Chun Chen, Xin Lin, Jiafeng Wang, Wuming Xiao, Cuihong Huang, Tao Guo, Hui Wang and Ming Huang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:71
  30. The impact of climate change on insect resistance genes is elusive. Hence, we investigated the responses of rice near-isogenic lines (NILs) that carry resistance genes against brown planthopper (BPH) under dif...

    Authors: Yun-Hung Kuang, Yu-Fu Fang, Shau-Ching Lin, Shin-Fu Tsai, Zhi-Wei Yang, Charng-Pei Li, Shou-Horng Huang, Sherry Lou Hechanova, Kshirod K. Jena and Wen-Po Chuang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:64
  31. GA 2-oxidases (GA2oxs) are involved in regulating GA homeostasis in plants by inactivating bioactive GAs through 2β-hydroxylation. Rice GA2oxs are encoded by a family of 10 genes; some of them have been charac...

    Authors: Kun-Ting Hsieh, Yi-Ting Chen, Ting-Jen Hu, Shih-Min Lin, Chih-Hung Hsieh, Su-Hui Liu, Shiau-Yu Shiue, Shuen-Fang Lo, I-Wen Wang, Ching-Shan Tseng and Liang-Jwu Chen
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:70
  32. In rice, panicle apical abortion is a common phenomenon that usually results in a decreased number of branches and grains per panicle, and consequently a reduced grain yield. A better understanding of the mole...

    Authors: Fayu Yang, Mao Xiong, Mingjiang Huang, Zhongcheng Li, Ziyi Wang, Honghui Zhu, Rui Chen, Lu Lu, Qinglan Cheng, Yan Wang, Jun Tang, Hui Zhuang and Yunfeng Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:68
  33. G protein γ subunit qPE9-1 plays multiple roles in rice growth and development. However, the role of qPE9-1 in rice exposed to elevated carbon dioxide concentration (eCO2) is unknown. Here, we investigated its ro...

    Authors: Ke Wang, Feiyun Xu, Wei Yuan, Leyun Sun, Shaoxian Wang, Mehtab Muhammad Aslam, Jianhua Zhang and Weifeng Xu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:67
  34. The third-generation hybrid rice technology can be constructed by transforming a recessive nuclear male sterile (NMS) mutant with a transgenic cassette containing three functional modules: the wild type male f...

    Authors: Jianxin Wu, Shijun Qiu, Menglong Wang, Chunjue Xu, Xing Wang Deng and Xiaoyan Tang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:66
  35. The Spo0B-associated GTP-binding protein (Obg) GTPase, has diverse and important functions in bacteria, including morphological development, DNA replication and ribosome maturation. Homologs of the Bacillus subti...

    Authors: Ji Chen, Li Wang, Xiaowan Jin, Jian Wan, Lang Zhang, Byoung Il Je, Ke Zhao, Fanlei Kong, Jin Huang and Mengliang Tian
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:65
  36. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent internal modification present in the mRNAs of all higher eukaryotes. However, the role of the m6A methylomes in rice is still poorly understood. With the development...

    Authors: Qin Cheng, Peng Wang, Guangliang Wu, Yanning Wang, Jingai Tan, Caijing Li, Xiangyu Zhang, Shilei Liu, Shiying Huang, Tao Huang, Mengmeng Yang, Haohua He and Jianmin Bian
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:62
  37. Rice is not only an essential food but also a source of high quality protein. Polyploidy is an evolutionary trajectory in plants, and enhancing glutelin by polyploidization is an attractive strategy for improv...

    Authors: Lu Gan, Baosheng Huang, Zhaojian Song, Yachun Zhang, Yujie Zhang, Si Chen, Liqi Tong, Zhisong Wei, Lingxiang Yu, Xiangbo Luo, Xianhua Zhang, Detian Cai and Yuchi He
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:61
  38. Flowering time of rice (Oryza sativa L.) is among the most important agronomic traits for region adaptation and grain yield. In the process of rice breeding, efficient and slightly modulating the flowering time o...

    Authors: Xinxin Liu, Hualong Liu, Yuanye Zhang, Mingliang He, Rongtian Li, Wei Meng, Zhenyu Wang, Xiufeng Li and Qingyun Bu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:59

    The Correction to this article has been published in Rice 2021 14:69

  39. Bacterial blight (BB), caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), is one of the most devastating diseases in rice all over the world. Due to the diversity and rapid evolution of Xoo, identification and use of...

    Authors: Wu Yang, Junliang Zhao, Shaohong Zhang, Luo Chen, Tifeng Yang, Jingfang Dong, Hua Fu, Yamei Ma, Lian Zhou, Jian Wang, Wei Liu, Qing Liu and Bin Liu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:58
  40. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) causes bacterial leaf blight, a devastating rice disease. The Xoo-rice interaction, wherein wide ranging host- and pathogen-derived proteins and genes wage molecular arms race,...

    Authors: Guichun Wu, Yuqiang Zhang, Bo Wang, Kaihuai Li, Yuanlai Lou, Yancun Zhao and Fengquan Liu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:57
  41. Effective tiller number (ETN) has a pivotal role in determination of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain yield. ETN is a complex quantitative trait regulated by both genetic and environmental factors. Despite multiple t...

    Authors: Mengmeng Ren, Minghan Huang, Haiyang Qiu, Yan Chun, Lu Li, Ashmit Kumar, Jingjing Fang, Jinfeng Zhao, Hang He and Xueyong Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:56
  42. Seed-set density is an important agronomic trait in rice. However, its genetic mechanism is complex. Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) are ideal materials for studying complex traits.

    Authors: Dachuan Wang, Kai Zhou, Siqian Xiang, Qiuli Zhang, Ruxiang Li, Miaomiao Li, Peixuan Liang, Naz Farkhanda, Guanghua He, Yinghua Ling and Fangming Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:55
  43. Understanding and identifying the factors responsible for genetic differentiation is of fundamental importance for efficient utilization and conservation of traditional rice landraces. In this study, we examin...

    Authors: Di Cui, Cuifeng Tang, Hongfeng Lu, Jinmei Li, Xiaoding Ma, Xinxiang A, Bing Han, Yayun Yang, Chao Dong, Feifei Zhang, Luyuan Dai and Longzhi Han
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:54
  44. Heat stress is a major environmental factor that could induce premature leaf senescence in plants. So far, a few rice premature senescent leaf mutants have been reported to involve in heat tolerance.

    Authors: Yan He, Xiaobo Zhang, Yongfeng Shi, Xia Xu, Liangjian Li and Jian-Li Wu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:53

    The Correction to this article has been published in Rice 2021 14:63

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