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  1. Grain size is an extremely important aspect of rice breeding, affecting both grain yield and quality traits. It is controlled by multiple genes and tracking these genes in breeding schemes should expedite sele...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Bin Ma, Zhong Bian, Xiaoyuan Li, Changquan Zhang, Jiyun Liu, Qun Li, Qiaoquan Liu and Zuhua He
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:63
  2. Rice is an important food source for humans worldwide. Because of its nutritional and agricultural significance, a number of studies addressed various aspects of rice grain development and grain filling. Never...

    Authors: Ting-Ying Wu, Marlen Müller, Wilhelm Gruissem and Navreet K. Bhullar
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:62
  3. Global warming threatens rice growth and reduces yields. Proline plays important roles in plant abiotic stress tolerance. Previous research demonstrated that engineering proline metabolism-related genes can en...

    Authors: Mingxin Guo, Xiaotian Zhang, Jiajia Liu, Linlin Hou, Hanxiao Liu and Xusheng Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:61
  4. Identification of traits strongly associated with high yield can help future gene engineering towards improvements of productivity. Here we systematically determine the major architectural and physiological fe...

    Authors: Shuoqi Chang, Tiangen Chang, Qingfeng Song, Jun Wu, Yi Luo, Xiaolong Chen, Xin-Guang Zhu and Qiyun Deng
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:60
  5. Rice rooting ability is a complex agronomical trait that displays heterosis and plays an important role in rice growth and production. Only a few quantitative trait loci (QTLs) have been identified by bi-paren...

    Authors: Xin Xu, Junhua Ye, Yingying Yang, Mengchen Zhang, Qun Xu, Yue Feng, Xiaoping Yuan, Hanyong Yu, Yiping Wang, Yaolong Yang and Xinghua Wei
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:59
  6. Stomata in rice control a number of physiological processes by regulating gas and water exchange between the atmosphere and plant tissues. The impact of the structural diversity of these micropores on its cond...

    Authors: Jolly Chatterjee, Vivek Thakur, Robert Nepomuceno, Robert A. Coe, Jacqueline Dionora, Abigail Elmido-Mabilangan, Abraham Darius Llave, Anna Mae Delos Reyes, Apollo Neil Monroy, Irma Canicosa, Anindya Bandyopadhyay, Kshirod K. Jena, Darshan S. Brar and William Paul Quick
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:58
  7. Developing chilling tolerant accessions of domesticated Asian rice is a potential source of significant crop improvement. The uniquely chilling sensitive nature of the tropically originating Oryza sativa make it ...

    Authors: Naoki Shimoyama, Melineeh Johnson, André Beaumont and Michael Schläppi
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:57
  8. Ustilaginoidea virens has become one of the most devastating rice pathogens in China, as well as other rice-growing areas. Autophagy is an important process in normal cell differentiation and development among va...

    Authors: Shuai Meng, Meng Xiong, Jane Sadhna Jagernath, Congcong Wang, Jiehua Qiu, Huanbin Shi and Yanjun Kou
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:56
  9. Salt stress is one of the main abiotic stresses that limits rice production worldwide. Rice salt tolerance at the bud burst stage directly affects the seedling survival rate and the final yield in the direct s...

    Authors: Lei Lei, Hongliang Zheng, Yanli Bi, Luomiao Yang, Hualong Liu, Jingguo Wang, Jian Sun, Hongwei Zhao, Xianwei Li, Jiaming Li, Yongcai Lai and Detang Zou
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:55
  10. The chloroplast signal recognition particle 54 (cpSRP54) is known for targeting the light-harvesting complex proteins to thylakoids and plays a critical role for chloroplast development in Arabidopsis, but lit...

    Authors: Yongfeng Shi, Yan He, Xiangguang Lv, Yanlin Wei, Xiaobo Zhang, Xia Xu, Liangjian Li and Jian-li Wu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:54
  11. Reproductive-stage drought stress is a major impediment to rice production in rainfed areas. Conventional and marker-assisted breeding strategies for developing drought-tolerant rice varieties are being optimi...

    Authors: Aditi Bhandari, Nitika Sandhu, Jérôme Bartholome, Tuong-Vi Cao-Hamadoun, Nourollah Ahmadi, Nilima Kumari and Arvind Kumar
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:53
  12. Seed dormancy, a quality characteristic that plays a role in seed germination, seedling establishment and grain yield, is affected by multiple genes and environmental factors. The genetic and molecular mechani...

    Authors: Chaopu Zhang, Zhiyang Yuan, Yuntong Wang, Wenqiang Sun, Xinxin Tang, Yongjian Sun and Sibin Yu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:52
  13. High soil salinity can cause significant losses in rice productivity worldwide, mainly because salt inhibits plant growth and reduces grain yield. To cope with environmental changes, plants have evolved severa...

    Authors: Yinxiao Wang, Juan Wang, Xiuqin Zhao, Sheng Yang, Liyu Huang, Fengping Du, Zhikang Li, Xiangqiang Zhao, Binying Fu and Wensheng Wang
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:50
  14. Chloroplasts are essential for photosynthesis and play key roles in plant development. High temperature affects structure of chloroplasts and metabolism in plants. The seryl-tRNA synthetase plays an important ...

    Authors: Guonan Fang, Shenglong Yang, Banpu Ruan, Chaolei Liu, Anpeng Zhang, Hongzhen Jiang, Shilin Ding, Biao Tian, Yu Zhang, Noushin Jahan, Li Zhu, Guangheng Zhang, Guojun Dong, Qiang Zhang, Dali Zeng, Longbiao Guo…
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:49
  15. Salinity-alkalinity stress is one of the major factors limiting rice production. Damage caused by alkaline salt stress is more severe than that caused by neutral salt stress. Alkali tolerance at the bud stage ...

    Authors: Xianwei Li, Hongliang Zheng, Wenshen Wu, Hualong Liu, Jingguo Wang, Yan Jia, Jiaming Li, Luomiao Yang, Lei Lei, Detang Zou and Hongwei Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:48
  16. Aroma is an important grain quality trait in rice, controlled by mutations within the BADH2 gene. The trait is simply inherited, and its importance in variety development makes it a practical target for marker-as...

    Authors: Christopher K. Addison, Brijesh Angira, Manoch Kongchum, Dustin L. Harrell, Niranjan Baisakh, Steven D. Linscombe and Adam N. Famoso
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:47
  17. Rice amylose content and amylopectin structure corporately determine rice eating and cooking qualities (ECQs). Soluble starch synthase (SS) IV-2 is a member of the soluble starch synthesis gene family but with un...

    Authors: Liang Xu, Hui You, Ouling Zhang and Xunchao Xiang
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:46
  18. The plant chloroplast is essential for photosynthesis and other cellular processes, but an understanding of the biological mechanisms of plant chloroplast development are incomplete.

    Authors: Xingjie Zhu, Changling Mou, Fulin Zhang, Yunshuai Huang, Chunyan Yang, Jingli Ji, Xi Liu, Penghui Cao, Thanhliem Nguyen, Jie Lan, Chunlei Zhou, Shijia Liu, Ling Jiang and Jianmin Wan
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:45
  19. Rice (Oryza sativa. L) has been intensively studied to ensure a stable global supply of this commodity in the face of rapid global climate change. A critical factor that decreases crop yield is drought, which has...

    Authors: Seok-Won Jang, Myeong-Hyun Yoou, Woo-Jong Hong, Yeon-Ju Kim, Eun-Jin Lee and Ki-Hong Jung
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:44
  20. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important crops cultivated in both tropical and temperate regions. However, it has a high sensitivity to cold stress and chilling stress limits its nitrogen uptake and me...

    Authors: Yan Jia, Hualong Liu, Zhaojun Qu, Jin Wang, Xinpeng Wang, Zhuoqian Wang, Liang Yang, Dong Zhang, Detang Zou and Hongwei Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:43
  21. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi form symbiotic associations with roots in most land plants. AM symbiosis provides benefits to host plants by improving nutrition and fitness. AM symbiosis has also been associ...

    Authors: Sonia Campo, Héctor Martín-Cardoso, Marta Olivé, Eva Pla, Mar Catala-Forner, Maite Martínez-Eixarch and Blanca San Segundo
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:42
  22. The cell wall and chloroplast are two fundamental structures determining plant mechanical strength and grain yield. Therefore, understanding mechanisms that improve plants’ ability to develop a robust cell wal...

    Authors: Sitong Liu, Yijun Tang, Nan Ruan, Zhengjun Dang, Yuwei Huang, Wei Miao, Zhengjin Xu and Fengcheng Li
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:41
  23. Grain size affects not only rice yield but is also an important element in quality of appearance. However, the mechanism for inheritance of grain size is unclear.

    Authors: Ting Zhang, Shiming Wang, Shuangfei Sun, Yi Zhang, Juan Li, Jing You, Tian Su, Wenbo Chen, Yinghua Ling, Guanghua He and Fangming Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:40
  24. ALK is the key gene controlling rice gelatinization temperature (GT), which is closely associated with the eating and cooking quality (ECQ) in rice (Oryza sativa L.). To date, at least three ALK alleles are thoug...

    Authors: Zhuanzhuan Chen, Yan Lu, Linhao Feng, Weizhuo Hao, Chuang Li, Yong Yang, Xiaolei Fan, Qianfeng Li, Changquan Zhang and Qiaoquan Liu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:39
  25. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in rice immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae, the causative agent of rice blast disease. Here we demonstrate that Osa-miR162a fine-tunes rice immunity against M. oryzae and ...

    Authors: Xu-Pu Li, Xiao-Chun Ma, He Wang, Yong Zhu, Xin-Xian Liu, Ting-Ting Li, Ya-Ping Zheng, Ji-Qun Zhao, Ji-Wei Zhang, Yan-Yan Huang, Mei Pu, Hui Feng, Jing Fan, Yan Li and Wen-Ming Wang
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:38
  26. Stigma exsertion rate (SER) is a key determinant for the outcrossing ability of male sterility lines (MSLs) in hybrid rice seed production. In the process of domestication, the outcrossing ability of cultivate...

    Authors: Quanya Tan, Tuo Zou, Mingmin Zheng, Yuerong Ni, Xin Luan, Xiaohui Li, Weifeng Yang, Zifeng Yang, Haitao Zhu, Ruizhen Zeng, Guifu Liu, Shaokui Wang, Xuelin Fu and Guiquan Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:37
  27. The utilization of heterosis has resulted in significant breakthroughs in rice breeding. However, the development of hybrid japonica has been slow in comparison with that of hybrid indica. The present review expl...

    Authors: Wenjing Zheng, Zuobin Ma, Mingzhu Zhao, Minggang Xiao, Jiaming Zhao, Changhua Wang, Hong Gao, Yuanjun Bai, Hui Wang and Guomin Sui
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:36
  28. Lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib), a newly identified post-translational modification, is known to regulate transcriptional activity in animals. However, extensive studies of the lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyry...

    Authors: Chao Xue, Zhongying Qiao, Xu Chen, Penghui Cao, Kai Liu, Shuai Liu, Lu Ye and Zhiyun Gong
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:34
  29. Genetic transformation is one of the most important technologies for revealing or modulating gene function. It is used widely in both functional genomics and molecular breeding of rice. Demands on its use in w...

    Authors: Sae Shimizu-Sato, Katsutoshi Tsuda, Misuzu Nosaka-Takahashi, Toshiya Suzuki, Seijiro Ono, Kim Nhung Ta, Yuri Yoshida, Ken-Ichi Nonomura and Yutaka Sato
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:33
  30. Neo-tetraploid rice (NTR) is a new tetraploid rice germplasm that developed from the crossing and directional selection of different autotetraploid rice lines, which showed high fertility and promising yield p...

    Authors: Hang Yu, Muhammad Qasim Shahid, Qihang Li, Yudi Li, Cong Li, Zijun Lu, Jinwen Wu, Zemin Zhang and Xiangdong Liu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:32
  31. Light provides the energy for photosynthesis and determines plant morphogenesis and development. Low light compromises photosynthetic efficiency and leads to crop yield loss. It remains unknown how rice respon...

    Authors: Yangxuan Liu, Ting Pan, Yuying Tang, Yong Zhuang, Zhijian Liu, Penghui Li, Hui Li, Weizao Huang, Shengbin Tu, Guangjun Ren, Tao Wang and Songhu Wang
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:30
  32. Unfavorable climatic changes have led to an increased threat of several biotic and abiotic stresses over the past few years. Looking at the massive damage caused by these stresses, we undertook a study to deve...

    Authors: Shilpi Dixit, Uma Maheshwar Singh, Arun Kumar Singh, Shamshad Alam, Challa Venkateshwarlu, Vishnu Varthini Nachimuthu, Shailesh Yadav, Ragavendran Abbai, Ramchander Selvaraj, M. Nagamallika Devi, Perumalla Janaki Ramayya, Jyothi Badri, T. Ram, Jhansi Lakshmi, G. Lakshmidevi, Jai Vidhya LRK…
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:29
  33. Bacterial leaf streak (BLS) and bacterial blight (BB) are two major prevalent and devastating rice bacterial diseases caused by the Gram-negative bacteria of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Xoc) and Xanthomonas...

    Authors: Wei Yang, Yanhu Ju, Liping Zuo, Luyue Shang, Xinru Li, Xiaoming Li, Shangzong Feng, Xinhua Ding and Zhaohui Chu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:28
  34. Awns are bristle-like organs at the tips of the glumes. Wild rice has maintained long awns for successful seed propagation through seed dispersal. Seed awning is an interesting trait in rice domestication. Lon...

    Authors: Yaddehige Priya Jayantha Amarasinghe, Rie Kuwata, Akinori Nishimura, Phuong Dang Thai Phan, Ryo Ishikawa and Takashige Ishii
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:26
  35. The large family of pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins is widely distributed among land plants. Such proteins play vital roles in intron splicing, RNA editing, RNA processing, RNA stability and RNA transl...

    Authors: Jun Lv, Lianguang Shang, Yun Chen, Yao Han, Xiaoyan Yang, Shuzhang Xie, Wenqin Bai, Mingyu Hu, Hong Wu, Kairong Lei, Ya’nan Yang, Shengzhen Ge, Hai Phuong Trinh, Yi Zhang, Longbiao Guo and Zhongwei Wang
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:25
  36. Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) causes one of the most important rice virus diseases of plants in East Asia. However, molecular mechanism(s)controlling rice resistance to infection is largely unknown.

    Authors: Rongfei Lu, Zhiyang Liu, Yudong Shao, Jiuchang Su, Xuejuan Li, Feng Sun, Yihua Zhang, Shuo Li, Yali Zhang, Jin Cui, Yijun Zhou, Wenbiao Shen and Tong Zhou
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:24
  37. Glutathione (GSH) is important for plants to resist abiotic stress, and a large amount of energy is required in the process. However, it is not clear how the energy status affects the accumulation of GSH in pl...

    Authors: Pinghui Yu, Ning Jiang, Weimeng Fu, Guangjie Zheng, Guangyan Li, Baohua Feng, Tingting Chen, Jiaying Ma, Hubo Li, Longxing Tao and Guanfu Fu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:23
  38. Vacuolar processing enzymes (VPEs) have been identified as the enzymes that regulate vacuole-mediated programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. The mechanism that VPE regulates the PCD in rice aleurone layers rem...

    Authors: Heting Zhang, Yu Xiao, Xiaojiang Deng, Hongyu Feng, Zhe Li, Lulu Zhang and Huiping Chen
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:22
  39. Rice sheath blight (ShB) disease, caused by the pathogenic fungus Rhizoctonia solani, causes significant yield losses globally. US weedy rice populations, which are de-domesticated forms of indica and aus cultiva...

    Authors: David M. Goad, Yulin Jia, Andrew Gibbons, Yan Liu, David Gealy, Ana L. Caicedo and Kenneth M. Olsen
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:21
  40. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid present in all living things. GABA is mainly synthesized from glutamate by glutamate decarboxylase (GAD). In plants the enzymatic activity of GAD is a...

    Authors: Kazuhito Akama, Nadia Akter, Hinako Endo, Masako Kanesaki, Masaki Endo and Seiichi Toki
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:20
  41. Rice blast is generally considered the most devastating rice disease worldwide. The development of resistant varieties has been proven to be the most economical strategy to control the disease. A cluster of re...

    Authors: Xiuli Meng, Gui Xiao, Mary Jeanie Telebanco-Yanoria, Paolo Miguel Siazon, Jonas Padilla, Rina Opulencia, Joseph Bigirimana, Georges Habarugira, Jun Wu, Mingyang Li, Baohua Wang, Guo-dong Lu and Bo Zhou
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:19
  42. Abscisic acid (ABA) acts as a signaling hormone in plants against abiotic stress, but its function in energy homeostasis under heat stress is unclear.

    Authors: Guangyan Li, Caixia Zhang, Guangheng Zhang, Weimeng Fu, Baohua Feng, Tingting Chen, Shaobing Peng, Longxing Tao and Guanfu Fu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:18
  43. Field resistance is often effective and durable as compared to vertical resistance. The introgression line (INGR15002) derived from O. glumaepatula has proven broad spectrum field resistance for both leaf and ...

    Authors: S. J. S. Rama Devi, Kuldeep Singh, B. Umakanth, B. Vishalakshi, K. Vijaya Sudhakara Rao, B. Suneel, S. K. Sharma, Gopala Krishna Murthy Kadambari, M. S. Prasad, P. Senguttvel, Divya P. Syamaladevi and M. S. Madhav
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:17
  44. Xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) is an important enzyme in purine metabolism. It is involved in regulation of the normal growth and non-biological stress-induced ageing processes in plants. The present study inves...

    Authors: Ruicai Han, Xunfeng He, Xiaohua Pan, Qinghua Shi and Ziming Wu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:16
  45. Loose Plant Architecture 1 (LPA1), an indeterminate domain (IDD) protein, exhibits almost no expression in the leaves, but the overexpression of LPA1 significantly increases the resistance of rice to sheath bligh...

    Authors: Qian Sun, Dan Dan Li, Jin Chu, De Peng Yuan, Shuang Li, Li Juan Zhong, Xiao Han and Yuan Hu Xuan
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:15
  46. The grain number per panicle (GNP), which is one of three grain yield components, is an important trait for the genetic improvement of rice. Although the NAL1 and GNP1 genes regulating the rice GNP and grain yiel...

    Authors: Yun Wang, Laiyuan Zhai, Kai Chen, Congcong Shen, Yuntao Liang, Chunchao Wang, Xiuqin Zhao, Shu Wang and Jianlong Xu
    Citation: Rice 2020 13:14

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