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  1. High seed cost due to poor seed yield severely limits the adoption of hybrid rice by farmers. Increasing the out-crossing rate is one of the key strategies to increase hybrid seed production. Out-crossing rate...

    Authors: G. D. Prahalada, Balram Marathi, Ricky Vinarao, Sung-Ryul Kim, Reynaldo Diocton IV, Joie Ramos and Kshirod K. Jena
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:80
  2. Drought is global environmental stress that limits crop yields. Plant-associated microbiomes play a crucial role in determining plant fitness in response to drought, yet the fundamental mechanisms for maintain...

    Authors: Jian Xie, Xiaoqing Wang, Jiawang Xu, Hongwei Xie, Yaohui Cai, Yizheng Liu and Xia Ding
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:79
  3. Emergence of new pathogen strains of Magnaporthe oryzae is a major reason for recurrent failure of the resistance mediated by a single resistance gene (Pi) in rice. Stacking various Pi genes in the genome through...

    Authors: Meifang Peng, Xiaomin Lin, Xiaoli Xiang, Huibo Ren, Xiaoli Fan and Kegui Chen
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:78
  4. Panicle architecture is one of the major factors influencing productivity of rice crops. The regulatory mechanisms underlying this complex trait are still unclear and genetic resources for rice breeders to imp...

    Authors: Shaoxing Bai, Jun Hong, Ling Li, Su Su, Zhikang Li, Wensheng Wang, Fengli Zhang, Wanqi Liang and Dabing Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:77
  5. Direct seeding is an efficient rice cultivation practice. However, its application is often limited due to O2 deficiency following submergence, leading to poor seed germination, seedling establishment, and conseq...

    Authors: Yamei Ma, Junliang Zhao, Hua Fu, Tifeng Yang, Jingfang Dong, Wu Yang, Luo Chen, Lian Zhou, Jian Wang, Bin Liu, Shaohong Zhang and David Edwards
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:76
  6. Alternative splicing is a widespread phenomenon, which generates multiple isoforms of the gene product. Reproductive development is the key process for crop production. Although numerous forms of alternative s...

    Authors: Haoxuan Li, Aixuan Li, Wei Shen, Nenghui Ye, Guanqun Wang and Jianhua Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:75
  7. Long grain geng/japonica rice has a higher market preference due its excellent appearance quality. The dense and erect-panicle 1 (dep1) gene has been widely used in the breeding of high-yielding geng/japonica ric...

    Authors: Ting Mao, Mingdong Zhu, Zhonghua Sheng, Gaoneng Shao, Guiai Jiao, Amos Musyoki Mawia, Shakeel Ahmad, Lihong Xie, Shaoqing Tang, Xiangjin Wei, Shikai Hu and Peisong Hu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:74
  8. SET domain group (SDG) proteins have been identified to be involved in histone modification and participate in diverse biological processes. Rice contains 41 SDG genes, however, most of which have not been functi...

    Authors: Siju Zhang, Hongjiao Hao, Xiaonan Liu, Yingying Li, Xuan Ma, Weiyin Liu, Rui Zheng, Shanshan Liang and Weijiang Luan
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:73
  9. Evolutionarily, polyploidy represents a smart method for adjusting agronomically important in crops through impacts on genomic abundance and chromatin condensation. Autopolyploids have a relatively concise gen...

    Authors: Chao Zhou, Xiaoyun Liu, Xinglei Li, Hanlin Zhou, Sijia Wang, Zhu Yuan, Yonghong Zhang, Sanhe Li, Aiqing You, Lei Zhou and Zhengquan He
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:72
  10. Photo-thermo-sensitive genic male sterile (PTGMS) rice (Oryza sativa L.) is usually considered two-line male sterile rice because of its dual-purpose in two-line hybrid rice system: under short days and low tempe...

    Authors: Linxuan Wu, Huazhen Rong, Chun Chen, Xin Lin, Jiafeng Wang, Wuming Xiao, Cuihong Huang, Tao Guo, Hui Wang and Ming Huang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:71
  11. The impact of climate change on insect resistance genes is elusive. Hence, we investigated the responses of rice near-isogenic lines (NILs) that carry resistance genes against brown planthopper (BPH) under dif...

    Authors: Yun-Hung Kuang, Yu-Fu Fang, Shau-Ching Lin, Shin-Fu Tsai, Zhi-Wei Yang, Charng-Pei Li, Shou-Horng Huang, Sherry Lou Hechanova, Kshirod K. Jena and Wen-Po Chuang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:64
  12. GA 2-oxidases (GA2oxs) are involved in regulating GA homeostasis in plants by inactivating bioactive GAs through 2β-hydroxylation. Rice GA2oxs are encoded by a family of 10 genes; some of them have been charac...

    Authors: Kun-Ting Hsieh, Yi-Ting Chen, Ting-Jen Hu, Shih-Min Lin, Chih-Hung Hsieh, Su-Hui Liu, Shiau-Yu Shiue, Shuen-Fang Lo, I-Wen Wang, Ching-Shan Tseng and Liang-Jwu Chen
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:70
  13. In rice, panicle apical abortion is a common phenomenon that usually results in a decreased number of branches and grains per panicle, and consequently a reduced grain yield. A better understanding of the mole...

    Authors: Fayu Yang, Mao Xiong, Mingjiang Huang, Zhongcheng Li, Ziyi Wang, Honghui Zhu, Rui Chen, Lu Lu, Qinglan Cheng, Yan Wang, Jun Tang, Hui Zhuang and Yunfeng Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:68
  14. G protein γ subunit qPE9-1 plays multiple roles in rice growth and development. However, the role of qPE9-1 in rice exposed to elevated carbon dioxide concentration (eCO2) is unknown. Here, we investigated its ro...

    Authors: Ke Wang, Feiyun Xu, Wei Yuan, Leyun Sun, Shaoxian Wang, Mehtab Muhammad Aslam, Jianhua Zhang and Weifeng Xu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:67
  15. The third-generation hybrid rice technology can be constructed by transforming a recessive nuclear male sterile (NMS) mutant with a transgenic cassette containing three functional modules: the wild type male f...

    Authors: Jianxin Wu, Shijun Qiu, Menglong Wang, Chunjue Xu, Xing Wang Deng and Xiaoyan Tang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:66
  16. The Spo0B-associated GTP-binding protein (Obg) GTPase, has diverse and important functions in bacteria, including morphological development, DNA replication and ribosome maturation. Homologs of the Bacillus subti...

    Authors: Ji Chen, Li Wang, Xiaowan Jin, Jian Wan, Lang Zhang, Byoung Il Je, Ke Zhao, Fanlei Kong, Jin Huang and Mengliang Tian
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:65
  17. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most prevalent internal modification present in the mRNAs of all higher eukaryotes. However, the role of the m6A methylomes in rice is still poorly understood. With the development...

    Authors: Qin Cheng, Peng Wang, Guangliang Wu, Yanning Wang, Jingai Tan, Caijing Li, Xiangyu Zhang, Shilei Liu, Shiying Huang, Tao Huang, Mengmeng Yang, Haohua He and Jianmin Bian
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:62
  18. Rice is not only an essential food but also a source of high quality protein. Polyploidy is an evolutionary trajectory in plants, and enhancing glutelin by polyploidization is an attractive strategy for improv...

    Authors: Lu Gan, Baosheng Huang, Zhaojian Song, Yachun Zhang, Yujie Zhang, Si Chen, Liqi Tong, Zhisong Wei, Lingxiang Yu, Xiangbo Luo, Xianhua Zhang, Detian Cai and Yuchi He
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:61
  19. Flowering time of rice (Oryza sativa L.) is among the most important agronomic traits for region adaptation and grain yield. In the process of rice breeding, efficient and slightly modulating the flowering time o...

    Authors: Xinxin Liu, Hualong Liu, Yuanye Zhang, Mingliang He, Rongtian Li, Wei Meng, Zhenyu Wang, Xiufeng Li and Qingyun Bu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:59

    The Correction to this article has been published in Rice 2021 14:69

  20. Bacterial blight (BB), caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), is one of the most devastating diseases in rice all over the world. Due to the diversity and rapid evolution of Xoo, identification and use of...

    Authors: Wu Yang, Junliang Zhao, Shaohong Zhang, Luo Chen, Tifeng Yang, Jingfang Dong, Hua Fu, Yamei Ma, Lian Zhou, Jian Wang, Wei Liu, Qing Liu and Bin Liu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:58
  21. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) causes bacterial leaf blight, a devastating rice disease. The Xoo-rice interaction, wherein wide ranging host- and pathogen-derived proteins and genes wage molecular arms race,...

    Authors: Guichun Wu, Yuqiang Zhang, Bo Wang, Kaihuai Li, Yuanlai Lou, Yancun Zhao and Fengquan Liu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:57
  22. Effective tiller number (ETN) has a pivotal role in determination of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain yield. ETN is a complex quantitative trait regulated by both genetic and environmental factors. Despite multiple t...

    Authors: Mengmeng Ren, Minghan Huang, Haiyang Qiu, Yan Chun, Lu Li, Ashmit Kumar, Jingjing Fang, Jinfeng Zhao, Hang He and Xueyong Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:56
  23. Seed-set density is an important agronomic trait in rice. However, its genetic mechanism is complex. Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) are ideal materials for studying complex traits.

    Authors: Dachuan Wang, Kai Zhou, Siqian Xiang, Qiuli Zhang, Ruxiang Li, Miaomiao Li, Peixuan Liang, Naz Farkhanda, Guanghua He, Yinghua Ling and Fangming Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:55
  24. Understanding and identifying the factors responsible for genetic differentiation is of fundamental importance for efficient utilization and conservation of traditional rice landraces. In this study, we examin...

    Authors: Di Cui, Cuifeng Tang, Hongfeng Lu, Jinmei Li, Xiaoding Ma, Xinxiang A, Bing Han, Yayun Yang, Chao Dong, Feifei Zhang, Luyuan Dai and Longzhi Han
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:54
  25. Heat stress is a major environmental factor that could induce premature leaf senescence in plants. So far, a few rice premature senescent leaf mutants have been reported to involve in heat tolerance.

    Authors: Yan He, Xiaobo Zhang, Yongfeng Shi, Xia Xu, Liangjian Li and Jian-Li Wu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:53

    The Correction to this article has been published in Rice 2021 14:63

  26. Vietnam possesses a vast diversity of rice landraces due to its geographical situation, latitudinal range, and a variety of ecosystems. This genetic diversity constitutes a highly valuable resource at a time w...

    Authors: Janet Higgins, Bruno Santos, Tran Dang Khanh, Khuat Huu Trung, Tran Duy Duong, Nguyen Thi Phuong Doai, Nguyen Truong Khoa, Dang Thi Thanh Ha, Nguyen Thuy Diep, Kieu Thi Dung, Cong Nguyen Phi, Tran Thi Thuy, Nguyen Thanh Tuan, Hoang Dung Tran, Nguyen Thanh Trung, Hoang Thi Giang…
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:52
  27. Although panicle blast is more destructive to yield loss than leaf blast in rice, the cloned genes that function in panicle blast resistance are still very limited and the molecular mechanisms underlying panic...

    Authors: Jingfang Dong, Lian Zhou, Aiqing Feng, Shaohong Zhang, Hua Fu, Luo Chen, Junliang Zhao, Tifeng Yang, Wu Yang, Yamei Ma, Jian Wang, Xiaoyuan Zhu, Qing Liu and Bin Liu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:51
  28. Tetrapyrroles play indispensable roles in various biological processes. In higher plants, glutamate 1-semialdehyde 2,1-aminomutase (GSAM) converts glutamate 1-semialdehyde (GSA) to 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA),...

    Authors: Qian Wang, Baiyang Zhu, Congping Chen, Zhaodi Yuan, Jia Guo, Xiaorong Yang, San Wang, Yan Lv, Qingsong Liu, Bin Yang, Changhui Sun, Pingrong Wang and Xiaojian Deng
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:50
  29. We report here the genome-wide changes resulting from low N (N-W+), low water (N+W-)) and dual stresses (N-W-) in root and shoot tissues of two rice genotypes, namely, IR 64 (IR64) and Nagina 22 (N22), and the...

    Authors: Amitha Mithra Sevanthi, Subodh Kumar Sinha, Sureshkumar V, Manju Rani, Manish Ranjan Saini, Sapna Kumari, Megha Kaushik, Chandra Prakash, Venkatesh K., G. P. Singh, Trilochan Mohapatra and Pranab Kumar Mandal
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:49
  30. The rice (Oryza sativa) gene Xa7 has been hypothesized to be a typical executor resistance gene against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), and has conferred durable resistance in the field for decades. Its iden...

    Authors: Congying Wang, Shen Chen, Aiqing Feng, Jing Su, Wenjuan Wang, Jinqi Feng, Bing Chen, Meiying Zhang, Jianyuan Yang, Liexian Zeng and Xiaoyuan Zhu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:48
  31. Ribosomes responsible for transcription and translation of plastid-encoded proteins in chloroplasts are essential for chloroplast development and plant growth. Although most ribosomal proteins in plastids have...

    Authors: Kunneng Zhou, Caijuan Zhang, Jiafa Xia, Peng Yun, Yuanlei Wang, Tingchen Ma and Zefu Li
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:47
  32. Plant plastidic caseinolytic protease (Clp) is a central part of the plastid protease network and consists of multiple subunits. The molecular functions of many Clps in plants, especially in crops, are not wel...

    Authors: Xi Liu, Ziyi Xu, Yanrong Yang, Penghui Cao, Hang Cheng and Haiying Zhou
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:45
  33. Understanding crops genetic diversity and the evolutionary processes that accompanied their worldwide spread is useful for designing effective breeding strategies. Madagascar Island was one of the last major O...

    Authors: Nourollah Ahmadi, Alain Ramanantsoanirina, João D. Santos, Julien Frouin and Tendro Radanielina
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:44
  34. Grain size and weight are important target traits determining grain yield and quality in rice. Wild rice species possess substantial elite genes that can be served as an important resource for genetic improvem...

    Authors: Yue Feng, Xiaoping Yuan, Yiping Wang, Yaolong Yang, Mengchen Zhang, Hanyong Yu, Qun Xu, Shan Wang, Xiaojun Niu and Xinghua Wei
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:43

    The Correction to this article has been published in Rice 2021 14:104

  35. Cold stress is the main abiotic stress in rice, which seriously affects the growth and yield of rice. Identification of cold tolerance genes is of great significance for rice to solve these problems. GATA-fami...

    Authors: Hongjia Zhang, Tao Wu, Zhao Li, Kai Huang, Na-Eun Kim, Ziming Ma, Soon-Wook Kwon, Wenzhu Jiang and Xinglin Du
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:42
  36. Utilizating the plant microbiome to enhance pathogen resistance in crop production is an emerging alternative to the use of chemical pesticides. However, the diversity and structure of the microbiota, and the ...

    Authors: Dagang Tian, Zaijie Chen, Yan Lin, Tingmin Liang, Ziqiang Chen, Xinrui Guo, Feng Wang and Zonghua Wang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:40
  37. The plant-specific valine-glutamine (VQ) protein family with the conserved motif FxxxVQxLTG reportedly functions with the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in plant immunity. However, the roles of VQ pro...

    Authors: Na Li, Zeyu Yang, Juan Li, Wenya Xie, Xiaofeng Qin, Yuanrong Kang, Qinglu Zhang, Xianghua Li, Jinghua Xiao, Haigang Ma and Shiping Wang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:39
  38. Xanthomonas oryzae (Xo) is one of the important pathogenic bacterial groups affecting rice production. Its pathovars Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Xoc) cause bacterial ...

    Authors: Zhe Ni, Yongqiang Cao, Xia Jin, Zhuomin Fu, Jianyuan Li, Xiuyu Mo, Yongqiang He, Jiliang Tang and Sheng Huang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:38
  39. Anthocyanins cause purple, brown or red colors in various tissues of rice plants, but the specific determinant factors and regulatory systems for anthocyanin biosynthesis in almost all tissues remain largely u...

    Authors: Lingzhi Meng, Changyan Qi, Cuihong Wang, Shuai Wang, Chunlei Zhou, Yulong Ren, Zhijun Cheng, Xin Zhang, Xiuping Guo, Zhichao Zhao, Jie Wang, Qibing Lin, Shanshan Zhu, Haiyang Wang, Zhonghua Wang, Cailin Lei…
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:37
  40. Plant cell walls are the main physical barrier encountered by pathogens colonizing plant tissues. Alteration of cell wall integrity (CWI) can activate specific defenses by impairing proteins involved in cell w...

    Authors: Yongrun Cao, Yue Zhang, Yuyu Chen, Ning Yu, Shah Liaqat, Weixun Wu, Daibo Chen, Shihua Cheng, Xinghua Wei, Liyong Cao, Yingxin Zhang and Qunen Liu
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:36
  41. Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) can be used to dissect complex traits, from which single-segment substitution lines (SSSLs) containing a target quantitative trait loci (QTL) can be developed, and...

    Authors: Peixuan Liang, Hui Wang, Qiuli Zhang, Kai Zhou, Miaomiao Li, Ruxiang Li, Siqian Xiang, Ting Zhang, Yinghua Ling, Zhenglin Yang, Guanghua He and Fangming Zhao
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:35
  42. Lesion mimic mutants spontaneously produce disease spots in the absence of biotic or abiotic stresses. Analyzing lesion mimic mutants’ sheds light on the mechanisms underlying programmed cell death and defense...

    Authors: R. A. O. Yuchun, J. I. A. O. Ran, W. A. N. G. Sheng, W. U. Xianmei, Y. E. Hanfei, P. A. N. Chenyang, L. I. Sanfeng, Xin Dedong, Z. H. O. U. Weiyong, D. A. I. Gaoxing, H. U. Juan, R. E. N. Deyong and W. A. N. G. Yuexing
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:34
  43. Grain chalkiness is one of important factors affected rice grain quality. It is known that chalkiness is affected by the high temperature during the seed filling period. Although a larger of QTLs for chalkines...

    Authors: Weifeng Yang, Jiayan Liang, Qingwen Hao, Xin Luan, Quanya Tan, Shiwan Lin, Haitao Zhu, Guifu Liu, Zupei Liu, Suhong Bu, Shaokui Wang and Guiquan Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:33
  44. Carotenoid biosynthesis is essential for the generation of photosynthetic pigments, phytohormone production, and flower color development. The light harvesting like 3 (LIL3) protein, which belongs to the light...

    Authors: Feng Yang, Das Debatosh, Tao Song and Jian-hua Zhang
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:32

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Rice 2021 14:41

  45. Plant glycine-rich proteins are categorized into several classes based on their protein structures. The glycine-rich RNA binding proteins (GRPs) are members of class IV subfamily possessing N-terminus RNA-reco...

    Authors: Jae Sung Shim, Su-Hyun Park, Dong-Keun Lee, Youn Shic Kim, Soo-Chul Park, Mark Christian Felipe R. Redillas, Jun Sung Seo and Ju-Kon Kim
    Citation: Rice 2021 14:31

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