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Table 1 Changes in metabolic properties of rice plants during cold stress

From: Rice and cold stress: methods for its evaluation and summary of cold tolerance-related quantitative trait loci

Group and property Effect on tolerance Relevant gene Reference
Photosynthesis    
Chlorophyll content Positive OsiSAP8, TERF2 (Kanneganti and Gupta [2008]; Tian et al. [2011])
Fv/Fm Positive CBF1/DREB1b, Asr1, OsCDPK7 (Kim et al. [2009]; Lee et al. [2004]; Saijo et al. [2001])
Electrolyte leakage Negative CBF1/DREB1b, OsLti6, ZFP245, TERF2, OVP1, OsNAC5 (Huang et al. [2009]; Tian et al. [2011]; Song et al. [2011]; Zhang et al. [2011a]; Lee et al. [2004]; Morsy et al. [2005])
ROS and MDA    
Hydrogen peroxide Negative OsAPXa, OsMKK6, OsMPK3, OsNAC6, OsTRX23, SodCc1, OsPOX1 (Xie et al. [2012]; Xie et al. [2009]; Sato et al. [2011]; Lee et al. [2009]; Nakashima et al. [2007])
Superoxide radicals Negative OsAPXa (Sato et al. [2011])
Hydroxyl radicals Negative OsAPXa (Sato et al. [2011])
Malondialdehyde Negative OsAPXa, OsMKK6, OsMPK3, OsNAC6, ZmCBF3 (Sato et al. [2011]; Xie et al. [2012]; Xu et al. [2011]; Nakashima et al. [2007])
Soluble sugars    
Sucrose Positive OSINV4, OsDREB1A, TERF2 (Tian et al. [2011]; Oliver et al. [2005]; Ito et al. [2006])
Hexose Positive OSINV4 (Oliver et al. [2005])
Raffinose Positive OsDREB1A, TERF2 (Tian et al. [2011]; Ito et al. [2006])
Glucose Positive OsDREB1A, TERF2 (Tian et al. [2011]; Ito et al. [2006])
Fructose Positive OsDREB1A, TERF2 (Tian et al. [2011]; Ito et al. [2006])
Trehalose Positive OsNAC5, OsPP1, OsPP2, OsTPP (Song et al. [2011])
Cold-related amino acids    
Proline Positive OsCOIN, OsDREB1A, OsMYB2, OVP1, OsNAC5, MYB4, OsPRP3, ZFP245, OsMYB3R-2 (Huang et al. [2009]; Tian et al. [2011]; Song et al. [2011]; Zhang et al. [2011a]; Liu et al. [2007]; Yang et al. [2012]; Vannini et al. [2004]; Gothandam et al. [2010]; Ma et al. [2009])
Antioxidants    
Ascorbic acid Positive Unknown (Kim and Tai [2011])
Glutathione Positive OsTRX23 (Kim and Tai [2011]; Xie et al. [2009])