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Table 2 Non-TAL effectors of Xoo

From: Arms and ammunitions: effectors at the interface of rice and it’s pathogens and pests

Effector Localisation Pathway inhibited/relevant information
XopC Cytoplasmic (Wang et al. 2016b)  
XopF Chloroplast (predicted) (Zhao et al. 2013)  
XopG   Suppression of XopQ- XopX mediated immune responses (Deb et al. 2020)
XopI   Acts as a F-box adapter and interacts with a thioredoxin protein, OsTrxh2, to strongly inhibit the host's OsNPR1-dependent resistance to Xoo
Required for complete virulence in rice (Ji et al. 2020b)
XopL Cytoplasmic (Wang et al. 2016b) Exhibits E3 ubiquitin ligase activity and interacts with ferredoxin (NbFd), to target it for ubiquitination and ubiquitin-mediated degradation, thereby increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) production (Ma et al. 2020)
XopN   Thiamine synthesis (Cheong et al. 2013)
Suppresses PGN- triggered MAPK activation (Long et al. 2018)
XopP Chloroplast (predicted) (Zhao et al. 2013) Suppresses PGN- and chitin-triggered immunity and resistance and targets OsPUB44, a rice ubiquitin E3 ligase (Ishikawa et al. 2014)
Suppression of XopQ- XopX mediated immune responses (Deb et al. 2020)
XopQ Nucleo- cytoplasmic (Deb et al. 2019) 14-3-3 mediated suppression of rice immune responses (Deb et al. 2019)
Required for complete virulence in rice (Gupta et al. 2015)
XopR Plasma membrane (Zhao et al. 2013) Receptor kinase interaction (Wang et al. 2016b)
Immune response suppression (Akimoto-Tomiyama et al. 2012)
Required for complete virulence in rice (Zhao et al. 2013)
XopU   Suppression of XopQ- XopX mediated immune responses (Deb et al. 2020)
XopV Cytoplasmic (Wang et al. 2016b) Suppresses PGN- triggered MAPK activation (Long et al. 2018)
Suppression of XopQ- XopX mediated immune responses (Deb et al. 2020)
XopW Cytoplasmic (Wang et al. 2016b)  
XopX Nucleo- cytoplasmic (Deb et al. 2020) 14-3-3 mediated suppression of rice immune responses (Deb et al. 2020)
XopY   Chitin & PG induced MAPK signalling (Yamaguchi et al. 2013b)
XopZ   Suppresses PGN- triggered MAPK activation (Long et al. 2018)
XopAA   Receptor kinase interaction & Brassinosteroid signalling (Yamaguchi et al. 2013a)
XopAE Chloroplast (predicted) (Zhao et al. 2013)  
AvrBs2   Suppression of XopQ- XopX mediated immune responses (Deb et al. 2020)