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Table 1 Long-term persistence of rice-and-millet agriculture in Taiwan

From: A northern Chinese origin of Austronesian agriculture: new evidence on traditional Formosan cereals

Culture   Tapenkeng Niuchoutzu Tahu Fantsaiyuan Niaosong
late terminal terminal early
Excavated site   NKLE YHF SL SL HLL SL
Dates (BP)   5000–4200 3800–3300 2350–1800 1800–1400 1600–800 1400–900
  Foxtail millet +++++ ++++ ++ + + +++
  Broomcorn millet +++++
  Rice ++++ +++++ +++ +++ +++++ +++
  1. NKLE: Nan Kuan Li East, southern Taiwan (Tsang, 2012); YHF: You Hsien Fang, southern Taiwan (Tsang, 2012); SL: Siliao, southern Taiwan (Liu et al. 2011); HLL: Hui Lai Li, central Taiwan (Huang et al. 2006). Grain count: + 1–10; ++ 10–100; +++ 100–1.000; ++++ 1.000–10.000; +++++ 10.000–100.000