Transcriptional regulation network under abiotic stress in rice. At least three transcriptional pathways, involving three kinds of transcription factors (TFs) as indicated, have been identified in rice. Based on knowledge from rice and/or Arabidopsis, upstream components and target genes or outputs of these TFs are also displayed. Black solid arrows indicate pathways with evidence from rice, grey solid arrows indicate pathway with evidence from Arabidopsis, and broken arrows indicate pathways without direct evidence. NBS NAC-binding site.